Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway

hills like white elephants ernest hemingway

In Hills Like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway we have the theme of reliance, communication, discontent, change and conflict. Taken from his The Complete Short Stories collection the story is narrated in the third person by an unknown narrator and is set at a train station in Spain. The setting of the story is important because it acts as symbolism for where both protagonists are […]

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The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by Ernest Hemingway

the short happy life of francis macomber ernest hemingway

In The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by Ernest Hemingway we have the theme of fear, cowardice, emancipation and coming of age. Taken from his The Complete Short Stories collection the story is narrated in the third person and is divided into three sections. In the first section the reader is introduced to the three main characters, Francis Macomber, his wife Margot and […]

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The Snows of Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway

the snows of kilimanjaro ernest hemingway

In The Snows of Kilimanjaro by Ernest Hemingway we have the theme of regret, conflict, redemption, acceptance and death. Taken from his collection of the same name the story is narrated in the third person and is divided into six present time sections with five flashbacks (or interior monologues). The use of flashbacks is important because it is through them that the reader […]

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Judgement Day by Flannery O’Connor

judgement day flannery oconnor

In Judgement Day by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of connection, paralysis, salvation and pride. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist, T.C. Tanner sitting in the living room of his daughter’s apartment in New York. He has had a stroke and through the use of flashbacks […]

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Parker’s Back by Flannery O’Connor

parkers back flannery oconnor

In Parker’s Back by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of connection, dissatisfaction, change and grace. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the reader being introduced to the main protagonist, a man called O.E Parker and his wife Sarah Ruth. Parker lives with Sarah in a rented shack and very […]

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Revelation by Flannery O’Connor

revelation flannery oconnor

In Revelation by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of judgement, grace and racism. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist, Mrs Turpin looking for a seat in a doctor’s waiting room. Her husband Claud has what Mrs Turpin believes is an ulcer on his leg and she […]

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The Lame Shall Enter First by Flannery O’Connor

the lame shall enter first flannery oconnor

In The Lame Shall Enter First by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of selfishness, faith and connection. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and tells the tale of a man called Sheppard and his efforts to try and redeem a young juvenile delinquent called Rufus Johnson. There is a trace on […]

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The Comforts of Home by Flannery O’Connor

the comforts of home flannery oconnor

In The Comforts of Home by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of isolation, paralysis, charity, judgement, insecurity and arrogance. Taken from Everything That Rises Must Converge the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist, Thomas looking out the window of his bedroom at his mother returning home with a young girl called Sarah Ham (or […]

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The Enduring Chill by Flannery O’Connor

the enduring chill flannery oconnor

In The Enduring Chill by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of grace, self-pity, connection, failure and change. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection, the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist Asbury Fox getting off a train in his home town of Timberboro. Asbury, believing that he is dying, has returned home to […]

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A View of the Woods by Flannery O’Connor

a view of the woods flannery oconnor

In A View of the Woods by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of control, identity, independence and conflict. Taken from Everything That Rises Must Converge the story is narrated in the third person and deals with the relationship between a grandfather (Mark Fortune) and his youngest grandchild (Mary Fortune Pitts). Fortune lives with his daughter, her husband (Pitts) and their seven […]

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Greenleaf by Flannery O’Connor

greenleaf flannery oconnor

In Greenleaf by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of faith, grace and control. Taken from her Everything That Rises Must Converge collection the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist Mrs May waking in the middle of the night and seeing a bull tearing at her hedge. O’Connor’s description of the bull ‘with a […]

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Everything That Rises Must Converge by Flannery O’Connor

everything that rises must converge flannery oconnor

In the Flannery O’Connor short story, Everything That Rises Must Converge, we have the theme of identity, appearance, connection, isolation and racism. Set in the early 1960s the story is narrated in the third person and begins with the main protagonist Julian, waiting for his mother, Mrs Chestny, to get ready for her weight class in the local Y. Immediately O’Connor […]

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A Late Encounter with the Enemy by Flannery O’Connor

a late encounter with the enemy flannery oconnor

In A Late Encounter with the Enemy by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of desire, image and history. Taken from her A Good Man is Hard to Find collection the story begins with the reader being introduced to the two main protagonists, General George Poker Sash (104 years old) and his granddaughter, Sally Poker Sash (62 years old). Sally is due […]

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The Artificial Nigger by Flannery O’Connor

the artificial nigger flannery oconnor

In The Artificial Nigger by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of pride, reliance, betrayal, grace and forgiveness. Taken from her A Good Man is Hard to Find collection the story is narrated in the third person and tells the story of a sixty year old man’s (Mr Head) journey to Atlanta with his ten year old grandson Nelson. Mr Head believes that there […]

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A Temple of the Holy Ghost by Flannery O’Connor

a temple of the holy ghost flannery oconnor

In A Temple of the Holy Ghost by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of pride, isolation, acceptance and grace. Taken from her A Good Man is Hard to Find collection the story is narrated in the third person and is centered around a young, unnamed twelve year old girl. From the beginning of the story O’Connor explores the theme of isolation. The girl’s two older cousins […]

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The Life You Save May Be Your Own by Flannery O’Connor

the life you save may be your own flannery oconnor

In The Life You Save May Be Your Own by Flannery O’Connor we have the theme of change, betrayal and redemption. Taken from her A Good Man is Hard to Find collection the story is narrated in the third person by an unnamed narrator and very early on the reader realises the significance or importance of O’Connor’s description of Lucynell. It is through […]

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Cathedral by Raymond Carver

cathedral raymond carver

In Cathedral by Raymond Carver we have the theme of jealousy, insecurity, isolation, detachment and connection. Taken from his collection of the same name the story is narrated in the first person by an unnamed man and from the beginning of the story the reader realises how detached the narrator is. Not only is he displeased with the fact that […]

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The Bridle by Raymond Carver

the bridle raymond carver

In The Bridle by Raymond Carver we have the theme of paralysis, escape, control and isolation. Taken from his Cathedral collection the story is narrated in the first person by a middle aged woman called Marge and it is interesting that though the reader learns a lot about the other characters in the story, through Marge’s dialogue, it is by […]

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Fever by Raymond Carver

fever raymond carver

In Fever by Raymond Carver we have the theme of trust, helplessness, letting go and acceptance. Taken from his Cathedral collection the story is narrated in the third person by an unnamed narrator and very early in the story the reader realises that Carver is exploring one of the main themes of the story, the theme of trust. It is […]

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